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Guerrero in the Revolution: Between Ranchers and Zapatistas

The death of the local cacique figures did not mean the end of the struggle for hegemony in the state. On the contrary, as is natural in politics, new characters began to dispute the empty space of the poles of power: urbanites intellectuals, lawyers, teachers, smallholders and traders villagers, ie the emerging urban middle class and rural, the Diaz himself was responsible for promoting and sustaining. These forces, however, were opposed to the center with his discontent fuereñas figures. One of the most significant moments came when Mercenary, supported by the central government, was re-elected for the fourth time for the period of 1901-1905, which caused a political opposition that led the degree of past Diaz, Rafael Castillo Calderon.

Castillo had been Government Secretary Francisco O. Arce, local MP several times and in 1899 the organizer in Guerrero Circle of Friends of General Porfirio Diaz. However, the intervening hand of Diaz named winner of the elections to Mercenary, and thus triggered the chagrin of Guerrero, to the extent that he was forced to resign before assuming the governorship. Instead, Diaz appointed another outsider, the landowner poblano Agustin Mora, who was said that the only relationship he had with Guerrero came from goats in Tlapa bought their farms. According to Diaz's style, while dismissing Mercenary, began an offensive of annihilation against the opposition, and in response, the armed dissent soon appeared.

Fighting grievance arose Mochitlán centralist, with the Plan of Zapote, winning the popular right to vote freely and made ​​sure that it would respect all landowners, foreign travelers and the people of Guerrero in general. This uprising was commanded by the poor strategist friend Anselmo Bello Castillo Calderon, who could never articulate a homogeneous movement, had, so yes, lucky to escape alive thanks to the help he received from one landowner Chilapa, whereas other leaders, Eusebio Almonte, was captured and executed in Mezcala by troops commanded by Colonel porfiristas Victoriano Huerta. In his own style, Huerta shot a number of insurgents and captured others. For his part, Calderon Castillo was arrested in Mexico City, where he had taken refuge, and pardoned on condition not to return to step Guerrero. The maderismo become years later.

Calderon Castillo movement can be described as a precursor of the Mexican Revolution in Guerrero, both for its social composition as the basic request: non-centralist interference in state elections and in the plans of the entity. Thus, the slogan of the revolution against Diaz, effective suffrage, no reelection, was first set up in Guerrero territory. Even in the long-term historical perspective, Diego Alvarez movements and Canuto A. Neri had the same meaning. No doubt that these actions responded more to the personal interests and regional caciques to formalize the procedures of a democratic regime, but historical causation is more complex and their actions opened spaces to eventually let the people questioning the absolutist regime of one man: the instrumented by Porfirio Diaz.

Similarly, it must consider the various rebellions against the despotism of the political prefects and the peasants and Indians led by Guerrero, affected by the liberal laws as part of the rebels of 1910 flag adopted as the claim of municipal freedom and land. Overall, the correlation of political and social forces that fought in the revolutionary deed had national representation in the state of Guerrero.

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