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HOLIDAYS AND TRADITIONS

State festivals, rituals and traditional fairs

The state of Guerrero, his name should be the hero of the Independence of Mexico, Vicente Guerrero Saldaña, a native of the city of Tixtla of Guerrero. The company is located in the southern part of the Mexican Republic, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, between 16 ° 18 'and 180 ° 48'. The land area of the state is 64.281 km2, which corresponds to only 3.3% of the national land area, occupies the fourteenth place with regard to the extension of the other states. It is bordered on the north by the states of Mexico and Morelos, the Northwest with the state of Michoacan, to the northeast with the state of Puebla, east of the state of Oaxaca and on the south by the Pacific Ocean.

According to their economic, social and geographical, is divided into 81 municipalities, integrated into seven regions: the Mountain, Central Zone, Acapulco, Northern Zone, Costa Grande, Costa Chica and Tierra Caliente.

For its ethno-social composition, its historical and cultural development, and the economic situation in which their inhabitants live, during the annual cycle, carried out a series of parties that charge very specific characteristics depending on the people, community, region or group that performs.

Namely the social composition of the state is composed of groups Nahuas, Nasaavi (Mixtec) Me'phaa (tlapanecos) Nancueñomdaa (Amuzgo), Afromestizos and Mestizos. Each of these cultural groups are expressed differently according to their worldview, their way of thinking and being, this multiplicity expressive symbols, meanings and forms of organization, are reflected in each of its festivities carried communally out on dates they have chosen from time immemorial by custom and tradition, to celebrate their main festival and other festivals related to their annual life cycle.

Each village, community or city one day a year to celebrate consecrate it a certain "holy" or "virgin", so popular has called "the patron saint" or "the patron saint of the town." This veneration is influenced by the process of colonization and Christianization that was generated during the conquest of native peoples by the Spanish or European. One result of the meeting of these two worlds, two cultures, was imposed images of saints and virgins of white teas, bearded, dressed in European style and fine physical features that displaced totems made ​​of stone, or finely carved stone figures of obsidian that functioned as gods or deities that the original people recognize them as sacred, which before the Spanish arrived venerating revered and honored them with large parties where organized feasts involving rulers, priests and people in general.