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Guerrero Decimononico

Guerrero's story is very peculiar. It distinguishes a winding process of building a persistent entity and popular mobilization mainly driven by large-minded patriot chieftains. Men in the exaltation of belligerency expanded their sphere of economic to military plane or vice versa, and hence the political arena. Patriarchs of patterns and, in some cases, influential national leaders, with a large land base, as support for its influence and secure rear when imposed withdrawal, Armando Bartra scores Guerrero in his bronco.

At the end of the war of independence did not bring peace to the territory of Guerrero. Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero honored him commander of southern forces, intending to throw him out of the national scene. This courtesy not stop Guerrero will rebel, along with Nicolas Bravo, through the Plan of Casa Mata, after the imperial investiture of Iturbide, fueling the fire endless Guerrero lands, until the collapse of the empire of Iturbide.

After the fall of Agustin I., a Supreme Executive Power has joined, of which Vicente Guerrero and Nicolás Bravo were part. This occupied the vice-presidency of Guadalupe Victoria Mexico when performing the highest office, meanwhile, Guerrero was president after the election victory to wrest Manuel Gomez Pedraza in 1829. This situation deepened the differences between the two chiefs: Guerrero radicalized their political views, while Bravo moderated his. That is, the establishment of the republic conflict closed, as there was another confrontation between the Federalists, represented by Guerrero, and the centralists, led by Bravo. These differences expressed not only the interests of the national parties, but also the confrontation between the British and American interests in the destiny of the nation and chores.

Later, before various destabilizing factors, Congress told Vicente Guerrero unable to govern. He returned to surianas land to rebuild their forces. Nicolás Bravo, supported by Armijo, received instructions from the political center to face the rebels of Vicente Guerrero. This action resulted in two years of confrontations, which slowed the process of unification of Guerrero.

Vicente Guerrero was shot in Cuilapan product of a betrayal. Then, the federalist flag passed to John N. Alvarez. This one and Nicolás Bravo and formed themselves into the strong men of the region. Both had fought in the War of Independence beside Morelos, had faced the first empire and, at the time, fought against the invading U.S. army. Also, the two came to alternate the leadership of the armed forces in the south. Finally, it is noteworthy that both were successful farmers, plus figures nationally representative: both were presidents of Mexica (Bravo took the position, as a substitute, from 11 to 17 July 1839 and 26 October 1842 to May 14, 1843, and as interim president from 28 July to 6 August 1846, for his part, Alvarez was interim president from 4 October to 11 December 1855).

These leaders were confronted several times. Bravo was closer to the Conservatives and often defended centralist cause, while Alvarez was a patron of liberal and federalist cause. His political disputes, military and personal interests synthesized the struggle for national political hegemony and the new Mexican statehood and territory control suriano. None of two caciques clearly distinguished national interests of the territories, and, above all, personal. And were willing to risk their lives and property for a national cause, it seemed natural to use the power to extend its possessions or, at least, compensate their losses. However, the two chiefs, opposed by almost all, repeatedly allied themselves with the intention of making their area of influence a new autonomous political entity. In fact, errands, later that morning, were echoed and led to the formation of the state of Guerrero in 1849.