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Guerrero in Independence: The Suriana feat

The people of Guerrero have been a decisive factor in the construction process of the Mexican state, while Independence, Reform and Revolution told with a strong presence of the people of Guerrero. The bank was established on the big stage of the independist epic, after the defeat and capture of Miguel Hidalgo, as I bring the strength of its people in building the national state. "This unit was consolidated in the war against the United States and further accentuated with the Revolution of Ayutla that ended the dictatorship of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and opened the land to the liberal way. For that time, the suriano space existed as a separate entity while constituent of the Republic ". Therefore, one can conclude, along with Illades that Guerrero  has been active within the overall periphery of nation-building processes.


The first Spanish who arrived in what is now Guerrero is devoted mainly to the exploitation of large deposits of precious metals. Hernan Cortes, who knew the taxes imposed by the Aztec empire to the peoples of the Guerrero territory, organized expeditions to the region where Taxco is located in order to put under his control and thus be able to extract all the wealth possible. Thus. Taxco was founded in 1529 and became the first town that developed around the mining done by the conquerors, among them Diego de Nava and John Cabra.

The territory of what is now Guerrero was first explored in 1520, in an expedition sent by Cortés and led by Gonzalo de Umbria. However, it was not until after the submission of the Aztecs when the conquistadors turned their attention to the south, knowing the wealth of these lands for the 1523 had dominated almost entirely. In 1531 the Yopes, east of Acapulco today, unsuccessfully rebelled against Spanish rule; earlier, this valiant people had resisted expansion also Mexican.

Just had ultimate control of this land, the Spanish were the parcel. This took the political structure of chiefdoms imposed by the Aztec Empire, alongside of evangelization which sought to integrate Mesoamerican the Spanish view of the world.

For the benefit of productive activities peninsular was left, who, in addition to seeing their own interest, had to meet the demands of the metropolis. So surianas regions participated unevenly in the world market as Spanish interests ran for two areas: mining expectations, based on the existence of precious metals in the region, mainly Taxco search-and intercontinental connection that materialized with the establishment of the port of Acapulco and the discovery of the route from the Philippine Islands by Fray Andrés de Urdaneta in 1565. That is, there were two regions and economic sectors involved in the economy of the metropolis: the trade along the coast of Acapulco and Taxco silver mines. Therefore, both the merchants and miners were among the most powerful social groups in the territory of New Spain.