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Guerrero in colony: the Metal and Port

Throughout history, the original civilizations sought temporary or permanent seat in places where they could have enough land and water to meet their material needs. The territory that is now the state of Guerrero is no exception to the rule, as shown by the archaeological discovered to date, and promises to be even bigger. This is indicated by archaeological reviewed in another chapter of this book, which discusses the reasons for which the institution is located as Mesoamerican cultural cradle.

The first Spanish who arrived in what is now Guerrero is devoted mainly to the exploitation of large deposits of precious metals.

Hernán Cortés, who knew the taxes imposed by the Aztec

empire to the peoples of the Guerrero territory, organized this expedition to the region where Taxco is located in order to put under his control and thus be able to extract all the wealth possible. Thus. Taxco was founded in 1529 and became the first town that developed around the mining done by the conquerors, among them Diego de Nava and John Cabra. The territory of what is now Guerrero was first explored in 1520, in an expedition sent by Cortés and led by Gonzalo de Umbria. However, it was not until after the submission of the Aztecs when the conquistadors turned their attention to the south, knowing the wealth of these lands for the 1523 had dominated almost entirely. In 1531 the Yopes, east of Acapulco today, unsuccessfully rebelled against Spanish rule; earlier, this valiant people had resisted expansion also Mexican.

Just had ultimate control of this land, the Spanish were the parcel. This took the political structure of chiefdoms imposed by the Aztec Empire, alongside of evangelization which sought to integrate Mesoamerican the Spanish view of the world.

For the benefit of productive activities peninsular was left, who, in addition to seeing their own interest, had to meet the demands of the metropolis. So surianas regions participated unevenly in the world market as Spanish interests ran for two areas: mining expectations, based on the existence of precious metals in the region mainly Taxco and the pursuit of intercontinental connection is materialized with the establishment of the port of Acapulco and the discovery of the route from the Philippine Islands tornaviaje by Fray Andrés de Urdaneta in 1565. That is, there were two regions and economic sectors involved in the economy of the metropolis: the trade along the coast of Acapulco and Taxco silver mines. Therefore, both the merchants and miners were among the most powerful social groups in the territory of New Spain.

The Creoles, in turn, focused on activities related to agricultural production and craft, which were modest, almost insignificant, when compared with the economic dynamism of Asian transactions through the port of Acapulco and mining in Taxco.