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Preclassic or Formative Guerrero and the Olmec time

This vast horizon just begins to be known in Guerrero. There is some evidence of local pottery with red slip and black that could be attributed to its early stage (1500-1250 BC.), As provided by John Henderson in Atopula, site located fifteen miles southeast of Iguala. During the Middle Preclassic (1250-600/500 BC) Olmec culture developed. In Guerrero, at least since the mid-twentieth century beautiful sculptures of Olmec style were known, coming from the state, so Miguel Covarrubias marked the birthplace of the culture. However, the turning point in the knowledge and understanding of Olmec culture, considered by many native to the Gulf Coast, is due to Christine Niederberger, who, however, explains the presence of symptoms and traces of Olmec style sites Formative, including Guerrero, as creations of a multiethnic

multiethnic and multilingual civilization synchronous, distributed over a wide area, the nascent Mesoamerica, which is identified by a unique pan-Mesoamerican style, reflecting a shared belief system. This position clearly refutes the spread of Olmec culture from the Gulf Coast and provides true value to companies from other regions which played an active role in the creation of this ancient culture.

Its earliest stage (1250-1000 BC.) is evidenced by potsherds excavated at the dam El Caracol and collected in Chilapa. In the middle and late stages (1000-500 BC.) in Guerrero some of the most outstanding vestiges of culture Olmec proliferate with their own seal: figurines and stone mixed with extraordinary designs incised pottery, which has since coexist with local pottery, especially with the White granular rock painting, which hardly exists elsewhere in Mesoamerica, such as Juxtlahuaca, Oxtotitlán and Cahuaziziqui; trails, such as San Miguel Amuco and Texmelincan, and settlements with monumental sculpture and architecture of mud and stone like Teopantecuanitlán. The overwhelming amount of Olmec-style demonstrations confirms increasingly Niederberger approaches.

The marginal character attributed to him from as early Guerrero is one of the preconceptions that have collapsed with Teopantecuanitlan research, inhabited by a highly hierarchical society that equates to the Gulf Coast.